Grace, Faith & Works
What does God require of us? Are we saved by the grace of God regardless of how we live? How are we judged by God? Do our works matter or do we simply claim to have faith in Jesus and that is enough for us to be with God forever?
Many people will make their statement of faith like this: I'm saved and you can't make me doubt it! Is faith the firm belief that Jesus has already saved us?
Confusion abounds about this topic. Study to find answers about what grace, faith and works are, how they work together and what is necessary to please God in this life. This is vital understanding.
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The Way of Grace
"For by grace are you saved through faith, and that not of yourselves. It is the gift of God."
God is the initiator of all true religion. Just as with true conversion, true religion is "not of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God" (Jn. 1:13). In the way of grace, God is the actor, and we, the reactors. "It is God who works in you", wrote Paul, "both to will and to do His good pleasure" (Phip. 2:13).
True repentance is only a response to the call of God. God calls; we answer. God is always the only initiator of action in His kingdom. All that man can do is to respond to what God does.
True prayer is only a response to the will of God because only if we ask according to what He has willed, does He hear us (1Jn. 5:14). That is the way of grace.
Prayer that springs from man's spirit will not reach God's ear. In ourselves, "we know not what we should pray for as we ought" (Rom. 8:26), but prayer inspired by God is prayer "in Jesus' name", and Jesus said, "Whatever you ask the Father in my name, He will give it to you" (Jn. 16:23).
There is no such thing as an unanswered prayer when we are led by the Spirit to pray. Wise Job knew that even if God did something for which he prayed, it was not that the Almighty had listened to him (Job 9:16). Job understood that if his prayer was answered, then God had put that prayer into his heart.
Saving faith is nothing more than a response to the word of God (Rom. 10:15); obedience is a response to God's word; fear of God is a response to being touched with His awesome power and glory (e.g. Dan. 10:7-8). Confession of the truth is only a response to God's revelation of it. Love for God is only a response to God's loving us. "Herein is love," wrote John, "not that we loved God, but that He loved us, and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins" (1Jn. 4:10). We love God only because He first loved us and we responded to that love (1Jn. 4:19). "When we were without strength," Paul wrote, "in due time Christ died for the ungodly" (Rom. 5:6). We were all "without strength" when God initiated the action that delivered us.
Jesus taught that there is absolutely nothing that any human can do to obtain salvation. At one point, Jesus' disciples asked him, "Who can be saved?" Jesus' answer was both terrifying and hopeful. He said, "With men it is impossible, but not with God; for with God all things are possible" (Mk. 10:23-27).
Jesus' words, "With men it is impossible", mean there is nothing any man can do to save himself from eternal damnation. No man by his own wisdom understands God, and no man living by his own standard can please God.
Man's heart is "deceitful above all things" lamented Jeremiah (Jer. 17:9). This is true. Man's heart is so darkened that man cannot even believe that his heart is darkened. He doesn't know that he doesn't know. In fact, he very often claims to possess the knowledge of God, although he is altogether without it. Men have often boasted of walking in God's way even while they persecute those who really are walking in it. Paul did that himself before Jesus stopped him. To his disciples, Jesus foretold of a time when "whosoever kills you will think that he does God service" (Jn. 16:2). Paul, as a young and zealous Pharisee, uttered "threats and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord" (Acts 9:2). He was filled with murderous hatred for those who were in God's way of grace. He "persecuted this way unto the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women" (Acts 22:4). And yet, in all his cruel persecution of God's innocent children, Paul thought he was pleasing God.
We are utterly blind without God! Even in our attempts to do good, we do evil. Referring to man's miserable spiritual condition before Christ helps him, Paul wrote, "In me (that is, in my flesh) dwells no good thing. To will [to do good] is present with me, but how to perform that which is good I find not" (Rom. 7:18). With men, clearly, it is impossible to escape the damnation of hell, just as Jesus said.
Every man's one hope is that God will do something for him. And if God does anything, it is only of His mercy and love that it is done. That is "grace", and that is the story of the gospel. "For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ" (Jn. 1:17).
God is the initiator of all hope. He loves first. He is the actor, and we, the reactors. He gave His only begotten Son for our sins. He raised him from the dead and glorified him as "both Lord and Christ". Then He opened our eyes to our need of the Savior. The only part we can play in our salvation is to respond to what God has done.
Jesus said, "Unless you repent, you will all perish" (Lk. 13:3, 5). A sinner cannot initiate the saving work of God; he can only respond to God's call and offer of forgiveness. The offer must come first.
God's providing the gospel to man will save only those who respond to it, for Paul said that the gospel, "is the power of God unto salvation to EVERY ONE THAT BELIEVES" (Rom. 1:16). Men must respond in faith to the gospel in order for the gospel to benefit them. Remember the words of the man of God: "For unto us was the gospel preached as well as unto them, but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it" (Heb. 4:2).
By God's grace, the holy Spirit is given as a guide for those who believe, but it would be foolish to teach that the mere possession of the Spirit will save us, for the saints are warned that "if you live after the flesh, you will die, but if through the Spirit [that you already possess] you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live" (Rom. 8:14). Yes, Jesus has become "the author of eternal salvation" - but only "unto all them that obey him" (Heb. 5:9).
Such things as repentance, obedience, and faith are responses to God's grace. However, those are not the only responses of which man is capable. He can also refuse to repent; he can be disobedient; he can reject goodness. God sends rain and sunshine to both the good and the evil (Mt. 5:45), just as he graciously offers His pardon to all. Those who respond to His grace with submission and obedience are like the good soil which produces fruit for its owner "and receives blessing from God." On the other hand, those who respond to His grace with unbelief and rebellion are like the soil that receives God's rain and sunshine, only to produce "thorns and briers". These people are in danger of damnation (Heb. 6:8).
The Way of the Spirit
The way of grace is the way of the Spirit, and those who are not being led by the Spirit are not being saved by grace; they are instead being lost without it, going a way that seems right in their own eyes. But our own ideas about how to honor God, no matter how well-intentioned, cannot lead to salvation. Remember Jesus' words: "With men it is impossible."
In the way of grace, God is the actor, and we are the reactors. May our response to His grace be acceptable to Him, and may you and I meet someday in that place He has prepared for those who love Him.